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Child Injury

Approximately 260 children die and 58,000 are hospitalised every year due to unintentional injury in Australia. This means that more Australian children die of injury than die of cancer, asthma and infectious diseases combined.

Every year in Victoria approximately 29 children die and a further 81,000 are treated in hospital as a result of unintentional injuries. The majority of these injuries and deaths are preventable.

Child injury


Many more children are seen by their GP or a nurse.

Causes of child injury include:

  • Falls – from things such as nursery furniture and equipment (e.g. prams, high chairs, change tables), household furniture (e.g. cots, beds, chairs), playground equipment and wheeled devices (e.g. bikes, scooters).
  • Hit/Struck/Crush – finger jambs in doors and household objects such as televisions and bookcases falling on top of children.
  • Transport – children involved in motor vehicle incidents, pedestrian incidents and driveway run overs.
  • Cutting/Piercing – cuts from glass and other sharp household items (e.g. knives, scissors).
  • Burns and Scalds – from hot tap water, hot beverages such as tea and coffee and hot food including soup and 2 minute noodles.
  • Poisoning – from common medications such as paracetamol, household cleaners (e.g. bleach, dishwashing detergent, toilet bowl cleaners).